European Illustrations of Native Americans

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Von ihrer Hirschlacht. XXV.
This image shows the Indigenous people’s method of hunting deer. Three individuals are hunting. They have taken the skin of deer previously killed and draped them over themselves as a disguise. They walk bent at the waist and hold bows and arrows in front of them. Across a small river, several deer stand watching the hunters. This illustration is identical to the one found on page 89 of Frankfurt 1591, but colored.
Wie fleissig die Floridaner sind, die Früchte in die gemeinen Schewren zu führen. XXII.
Several Indigenous people bring crops by canoe to a large storehouse. There are baskets of various types of produce in the canoe, three men stand to paddle while a woman and young person sit in the rear. The storehouse is a large round structure on the bank of the river. This illustration is identical to the one found on page 79 of Frankfurt 1591, but colored.
A cheiff Ladye of Pomeiooc. VIII.
An Indigenous woman, a chief, is pictured standing on the bank of a river. Her hair is knotted at the nape of her neck, she wears several strands of beads around her neck, and her right wrist is cradled in the beads. She wears a fringed skirt around her waist and is topless and shoeless. She holds a large pot/container in her left hand. Beside her is a child, nude except for two strands of beads around their neck. The child holds a doll dressed like an English lady in one hand, and an object similar to a rattle in the other. Behind the pair, other Indigenous people are seen in canoes.
A cheiff Lorde of Roanoac. VII.
An Indigenous man, a chief, is pictured from the front and from behind standing on the bank of a river. A section of his hair is feathered in the middle of his head from his forehead to the nape of his neck, where the rest of his hair is gathered in a knot. He wears beaded earrings, a necklace with a large square pendant, and beaded bracelets around his wrists. He wears a fringed skirt draped around his waist and is barefoot and shirtless. In the background, other Indigenous people are seen in canoes, and there is a fishing apparatus in the water in the left part of the background.
A weroan or great Lorde of Virginia. III.
An Indigenous male is pictured standing on a hill, from the front and from behind. He wears beaded necklaces, beads around his left wrist and a cuff/wrist guard on his right, and fabric in the fasion of a fringed skirt tied around his waist. He is barefoot and shirtless, carries a longbow, and wears a quiver of arrows around his waist. In the background behind him there is a group of Indigenous people also holding longbows, and four people hunt deer. A forest is visible in the background.
A younge gentill woeman doughter of Secota. VI.
A young Indigenous woman stands on the bank of a river, shown from the front and from behind. Her hair is knotted at the nape of her neck. She wears a necklace of beads, and has an adornment, either a physical cuff or an inked design, around her biceps, her wrists, and her calves. She wears a fringed skirt tied around her waist and is barefoot and shirtless. In the river behind her, other Indigenous people are shown in canoes, and on the opposite bank there are several buildings.
Abord des Anglois en Virginia. II.
Two English ships are pictured sailing near the coast of Virginia (what is known today as the Outer Banks of North Carolina). One smaller ship is pictured within the outer islands, closer to the coast. Several Indigenous towns are labelled.
Aegros curandi ratio. XX.
The sick lie on elevated beds made of wooden slats with woven mats laid on top. One lies on their stomach with their head hanging over the side of the bed and their face close to steam coming out of a pan on the ground. The other lies on their back being tended to by other individuals. There is a fire between the beds and two jugs on the ground. Children play between the beds, and a woman breastfeeds nearby. In the background, a man smokes from a long pipe.
Aliquot Heroum Virginiæ Notæ. XXIII.
An Indigenous man is shown from behind. He holds a longbow in his right hand and two arrows in his left, and a quiver of arrows is tied around his waist. Drawn around him are seven designs that are labelled with the letters A to G. Design A is comprised of four arrows side by side pointing upwards, with the sizes decreasing from right to left. Design B has an arrow pointing upwards with a stylized ‘X’ to the left of the arrowhead. Design C has two arrows side by side pointing upwards in decreasing size from right to left. Design D has three arrows of the same size side by side pointing to the left. Design E is a stylized ‘X’. Design F is a crosshatch pattern. Design G is a singe arrow pointing upwards. The man has design F on the back of his left shoulder, suggesting that the designs are common tattoo/scarification art.
Allgemeine Landtaffel in welcher der ganzen Landschafft Viginie gelegenheit auff das engentlichste abcontrafent und für augen gestellt wirdt.
An illustrated map of the land the English colonists called Virginia (today North Carolina). Several Indigenous towns are labelled on the map.
Alterius viri Pictis vicini icon. IIII.
An Indigenous man is shown from the front. He carries a spear with a ball on the end in his right hand. He wears a belted tunic, and both a round shield and a sword with a curved blade hangs from the belt around his waist. This man is described as belonging to an Indigenous group that lived near the Picts. The Picts were an Indigenous group who lived in Britain long before the author’s time. Images of Picts were included in this book so that readers could compare their customs to those of the Indigenous people living in Virginia.
An ageed manne in his winter garment. IX.
An old man stands on a hilltop. He wears a fringed garment draped around his body and over one shoulder. His hair is spiked down the middle of his head from forehead to nape of neck, where it is gathered into a knot. On his feet are slippers. Behind him on the ground below the hill, cultivated fields surround a village – a small group of dwellings with a fence around them.

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