Capitvlo, Primer Capitan Inga Ivpanqvi
The First Captain Inca Yupanqui
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
This illustration depicts the first Captain, Yupanqui. These captains were a level of Inca authority who helped lead the conquest of the Andes. The author explains that this captain was lazy, slept all the time, had parties, and was not focused on his duty. This is why he is depicted sleeping in this image with the sun rising through his window. Some of his belongings such as shoes and bag are hanging on the wall above him. The words “dormilon, peresoso capitan, ponoy camayoc quilla cinchicona” are written in the centre of the image which translates to “sleepyhead, lazy captain, he slept all the time.” The words “en el cuzco” are written below the sleeping captain, which means “in Cusco,” the capital of the Inca empire. The words “cin conquistar murio” are written at the very bottom of the image which translates to “without conquering he died.”
El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno [The First New Chronicle and Good Government]
This manuscript was not a published work, which is why the year and locale of creation is approximated. The author did not use a foliation method of numbering the pages, but rather a modern paging system. He begins his first page on fol. 1v instead of fol. 1r. The “Image Placement” will indicate the method in which the author numbered his pages, however the “Physical Location” will be indicated using the foliation system.
Fol. 73v (Part 4: The Fifth Age of Indians: The Incas)