Agosto Chacra Iapvi Quilla
August, Month of Turning the Soil
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
This chapter is dedicated to discussing the traditions and rituals of each month during the Inca Empire. The Incas tracked the months and years through the stars and their months consisted of thirty days. This image depicts the month of August which was dedicated to plowing fields for agriculture. This image depicts a row of men shoveling to prepare the ground to sow in their seeds. There is an old woman on the right side of the image carrying a cup and there are women on the left side of the image looking at the men shoveling. The caption at the bottom of the image reads “tienpo de labransa hayllinmi ynca,” which translates to “time for plowing, Inca farmer’s dance.”
El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno [The First New Chronicle and Good Government]
This manuscript was not a published work, which is why the year and locale of creation is approximated. The author did not use a foliation method of numbering the pages, but rather a modern paging system. He begins his first page on fol. 1v instead of fol. 1r. The “Image Placement” will indicate the method in which the author numbered his pages, however the “Physical Location” will be indicated using the foliation system.
Fol. 127r (Part 4: The Fifth Age of Indians: The Incas)