Castigo Ivsticia Sancai Inqvicicion
Punishment, Justice, Dungeon, Inquisition
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
This chapter is dedicated to discussing the justice and punishment systems of the Inca Empire. The author discusses five methods of punishment in detail, and this image represents the first punishment. This image depicts what a jail cell resembled during the Inca Empire. The author explains that any wrongdoers, traitors or criminals, especially those who were in the Inquisition, would be forced into a subterranean sancay [dungeon] that was filled with jaguars, snakes, foxes, bears, vultures, and other predatory animals. The animals would be put into the dungeons so that the criminal would be eaten alive. This image depicts a man sitting in the dark dungeon surrounded by animals who approach him. The caption at the top left corner reads “yaya pachacamac uanazac yaya cay soncuypa yuyascanmi” [father Pachacamac I will learn my lesson, father is my heart’s memory]. The top right corner reads “caypaccho yaya yumauarcanqui mama uachauarcanqui” [father did you beget me for this, mother did you give birth to me for this]. The bottom left corner reads “zancay suclla micuuay huchazapa soncuyta” [prison eat my wicked heart once and for all]. The bottom right corner reads “maypim canqui huchazapapac camachic quispichiuay runa camac dios” [where are you creator of sinners, save me creator of man, God].
El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno [The First New Chronicle and Good Government]
This manuscript was not a published work, which is why the year and locale of creation is approximated. The author did not use a foliation method of numbering the pages, but rather a modern paging system. He begins his first page on fol. 1v instead of fol. 1r. The “Image Placement” will indicate the method in which the author numbered his pages, however the “Physical Location” will be indicated using the foliation system.
Fol. 153r (Part 4: The Fifth Age of Indians: The Incas)